Utah Fire Marshal Official Restaurant & Commercial Kitchen Compliance
All commercial food service establishments are susceptible to a hidden and elusive safety and cost-depleting concern, which if not addressed, may impact the financial survival of the kitchen and cause economic demise. The awareness stimulated within this fact sheet may encourage action and help prevent certain burning or distasteful outcomes.
Restaurants, commercial cooking establishments, schools, hospitals and correctional facilities are subject to local, state, and federal health, food, safety and fire codes. These codes are in place to protect the public, help create a safe environment, as well as help shield employees and staff from accidents, air-borne toxins, and carbon monoxide. The codes also protect owners and risk managers from high-risk disasters or litigations that could impact the risk manager and place the restaurant owner in jeopardy of losing their franchise to the courts or their business establishment to fire.
It is just as important to ensure owners and staff are fully aware of the ways to help create a safe environment of their kitchen. The one important feature in the kitchen that can destroy a restaurant or commercial kitchen if it is not properly maintained and cleaned is the kitchen exhaust and fire suppression system (range hood). Range hood cleaning is required by law to be cleaned every six months at minimum. This cleaning includes all aspects surrounding the hood and duct system from floor to roof.
To help provide more information on cleaning your kitchen’s exhaust system, see our action plan below:
Kitchen Exhaust System Action Plan:
- Upon inspection and cleaning, if the exhaust system is found to be contaminated with deposits from grease-laden vapors, the contaminated portions of the exhaust system shall be cleaned.
- Inspection and cleaning shall be conducted by a properly trained, qualified and certified company or person(s) acceptable and authorized by the owner and the state and or local fire marshal.
- Duct systems shall have access panels installed not more than 20 feet apart; at changes of direction, no more than 10 feet apart; and or where access is required for proper cleaning of the entire interior ductwork.
- Cleaning shall include floor, back splash, appliances, hood, plenum, ducts, fans, fan housing and roof discharge areas. The industry standard for cleaning is “bare metal clean” throughout the system. Anything less than bare metal clean should not be considered acceptable.
- Exhaust system fans shall be operated whenever cooking equipment is turned on.
- Air velocity within the duct or total air flow shall not be less than 500 feet per minute at discharge.
- Filter equipped exhaust systems shall not be operated with filter gaps, separations or with the filters removed.
- Kitchen exhaust systems full or proportioned shall be cleaned when needed or at intervals as dictated by volume:
- Systems serving solid fuel cooking operations. (where wood, charcoal, etc. are used as heat source)
- Charbroiling, or wok cooking.
- Systems serving high-volume cooking operations such as 24 hour
- Systems serving moderate-volume cooking operations
- Seasonal businesses, or senior centers.
- Systems serving low-volume cooking operations, such as churches and day camps
Openings provided for replacement air through ventilation equipment shall not be restricted, blocked or shut-down while cooking operations are in progress.
Exhaust fan housings shall be hinged with flexible power cables for effortless opening.
Fan housings shall be supplied with a grease drainage and a grease containment system.
The roof structure shall be free of grease pooling or corrosive contaminants on roof coverings.
Owners, when cleaning is finished expect three items to be placed in your hands and one to be placed on the hood in a conspicuous location:
- A completion or deficiency report. (Shall include areas not cleaned or problems with the system)
- Before and after photographs showing all aspects of the exhaust system from floor to roof.
- A detailed invoice clearly showing what has been accomplished and for what price. (The price should match the agreed-upon amount you contracted with the service company, unless there is a “change order agreement” for the reduced or additional work invoiced.)
- A label shall be place on the hood in a conspicuous location that includes the following information: service company name, technician signature and certificate number, date of service, type of service and system, and any major deficiencies. (Deficiencies shall be clearly explained on the “Completion or Deficiency report” previously mentioned).
We are all extremely busy, but it will be of great value for the restaurant owner to get to know the owner or service technician of the Fire Protection Company contracted to inspect and clean the exhaust system and to become acquainted with the local fire marshal or inspectors who serve in the area where kitchens are located.
*Free estimates within service area
Want more information here is the official Utah Fire Marshal contact and site:
Office of the Utah State Fire Marshal
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